Android performances A living history from1.0 to 12

Explore Android’s ongoing elaboration with this visual timeline of performances, startingB.C. (Prior to Cupcake) and going right to 2021’s Android 12 delivery.

What a long, abnormal outing it’s been.

From its underlying delivery to the occasion, Android has changed over outwardly, reasonably, and practically — consistently. Google’s mobile portable working framework might have begun rough, however, blessed moly, has it at any point advanced.

Then is a presto-paced stint of Android interpretation highlights from the platform’s birth to the present. ( Feel allowed to skirt ahead if you simply need to perceive what’s happening in Android 11 or Android 12.)

Android versions 1.0 to 1.1: The early days

Android made its sanctioned public debut in 2008 with Android1.0 — a release so ancient it did not indeed have a cute codename.

Effects were enough introductory back also, but the software did include a suite of early Google apps like Gmail, Charts, Timetable, and YouTube, all of which were integrated into the operating system — a stark discrepancy to the more fluently updatable standalone-app model employed moment.

The Android 1.0 home screen and its rudimentary web browser (not yet called Chrome).

Android version 1.5: Cupcake

With early 2009’s Android1.5 Cupcake release, the tradition of Android interpretation names was born. Cupcake introduced multitudinous advances to the Android interface, including the first on-screen keyboard — a commodity that’d be necessary as phones moved down from the formerly-ubiquitous physical keyboard model.

Cupcake also brought about the frame for third-party app contraptions, which would snappily turn into one of Android’s most identifying rudiments, and it handed the platform’s first-ever option for videotape recording.

Android version 1.6: Donut

Android1.6, Donut, rolled into the world in the fall of 2009. Donut filled in some important holes in Android’s center, including the capability for the Zilches to operate on a variety of different screen sizes and judgments — a factor that’d be critical in the times to come. It also added support for CDMA networks like Verizon, which would play a crucial part in Android’s imminent explosion.

Android versions 2.0 to 2.1: Eclair

Keeping up the breakneck release pace of Android’s early times, Android2.0 Eclair, surfaced just six weeks after Donut; its” point- bone”update, also called Eclair, came out a couple of months latterly. Eclair was the first Android release to enter mainstream knowledge thanks to the original Motorola Droid phone and the massive Verizon- led marketing crusade girding it.

The release’s most transformative element was the addition of voice-guided turn-by-turn navigation and real-time business word — commodity preliminarily unheard of (and still basically unmatched) in the smartphone world. Navigation away, Eclair brought live wallpapers to Android as well as the platform’s first speech-to-textbook function. And it made swells for fitting the formerly-iOS-exclusive pinch-to-drone capability into Android — a move frequently seen as the spark that burned Apple’s long-lasting “thermonuclear war” against Google.

The first versions of turn-by-turn navigation and speech-to-text, in Eclair.

Android version 2.2: Froyo

Only four months after Android2.1 showed up, Google presented Android2.2, Froyo, which rotated generally around in the engine execution progressions.
Froyo did deliver some important front-facing features, however, including the addition of the now-standard wharf at the bottom of the home screen as well as the first manifestation of Voice Conduct, which allowed you to perform introductory functions like getting directions and making notes by tapping an icon and also speaking a command.

Google’s first real attempt at voice control, in Froyo.

Especially, Froyo also brought support for Flash to Android’s web cybersurfer — an option that was significant both because of the wide use of Flash at the time and because of Apple’s adamant station against supporting it on its own mobile bias. Apple would ultimately win, of course, and Flash would come far less common. But back when it was still every place, being suitable to pierce the full web without any black holes was a genuine advantage only Android could offer.

Android version 2.3: Gingerbread

Android’s first evident visual character began coming into the center with 2010’s Gingerbread discharge. Bright herbage had long been the color of Android’s robot charm, and with Gingerbread, it came an integral part of the operating system’s appearance. Black and green strained each over the UI as Android started its slow march toward distinctive design.

It was easy being green back in the Gingerbread days.

Android 3.0 to 3.2: Honeycomb

2011’s Honeycomb period was a weird time for Android. Android3.0 came into the world as a tablet-only release to accompany the launch of the Motorola Xoom, and through the posterior3.1 and3.2 updates, it remained a tablet-exclusive (and closed-source) reality.

Under the guidance of recently arrived design principal Matias Duarte, Honeycomb introduced a dramatically reimagined UI for Android. It had a space-suchlike”holographic” design that traded the platform’s trademark herbage for blue and placed an emphasis on making the utmost of a tablet’s screen space.

Honeycomb: When Android got a case of the holographic blues.

While the conception of a tablet-specific interface did not last long, numerous of Honeycomb’s ideas laid the root for the Android we know the moment. The software was the first to use on-screen buttons for Android’s main nautical commands; it marked the morning of the end for the endless overflow- menu button, and it introduced the conception of a card-suchlike UI with its take on the Recent Apps list.

Android version 4.0: Ice Cream Sandwich

With Honeycomb acting as the ground from old to new, Ice Cream Sandwich — also released in 2011 — served as the platform’s sanctioned entry into the period of ultramodern design. The delivery improved the visual consensuses presented with Honeycomb and rejoined tablets and telephones with a solitary, brought-together UI vision.

ICS dropped a great deal of Honeycomb’s”holographic” appearance yet kept its usage of blue as a system-wide component. And it carried over core system rudiments like on-screen buttons and a card-suchlike appearance for app-switching.

The ICS home screen and app-switching interface.

Android4.0 also made swiping a more integrated system of getting around the operating system, with the also-revolutionary- feeling capability to swipe away effects like announcements and recent apps. And it started the slow process of bringing a standardized design frame — known as”Holo”— all throughout the Zilches and into Android’s app ecosystem.

Android versions 4.1 to 4.3: Jelly Bean

Spread across three poignant Android performances, 2012 and 2013’s Jelly Bean releases took ICS’s fresh foundation and made meaningful strides in fine-tuning and structure upon it. The deliveries added an abundance of balance and clean into the working framework and went far in making Android more welcoming for the normal stoner. Outlines away, Jelly Bean achieved our first taste of Google Now — the tremendous prophetic-knowledge mileage that is miserable since relapsed into a celebrated news source. It gave us expandable and interactive announcements, an expanded voice hunt system, and a more advanced system for displaying hunt results in general, with a focus on card-grounded results that tried to answer questions directly.

Multiuser support likewise became an integral factor, yet on tablets just now, and an early translation of Android’s Quick Settings board showed up. Jelly Bean steered in a heavily hyped system for placing contraptions on your cinch screen, too — one that, like so numerous Android features over the times, still faded a couple of times latterly.

Jelly Bean’s Quick Settings panel and short-lived lock screen widget feature.

Android version 4.4: KitKat

Late- 2013’s KitKat release marked the end of Android’s dark period, as the blacks of Gingerbread and the blues of Honeycomb eventually made their way out of the operating system. Lighter backgrounds and further neutral highlights took their place, with a transparent status bar and white icons giving the OS a more contemporary appearance.

The lightened KitKat home screen and its dedicated Google Now panel.

Android4.4 also saw the first interpretation of”OK, Google” support — but in KitKat, the hands-free activation prompt worked only when your screen was formerly on and you were moreover at your home screen or inside the Google app.
The release was Google’s first incursion into claiming a full panel of the home screen for its services, too — at least, for druggies of its own Nexus phones and those who chose to download its first-ever standalone launcher.

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